Scientists are monitoring and studying the northern sea otter population and its habitat to help the species recover, including ongoing research on the shifts in predation by killer whales, the highest priority threat. The recovery strategy for the sea otter has been prepared in cooperation with the jurisdictions described in the Preface. The recovery plan describes the status of the otter, its history, and a number of actions the Service believes will allow for the delisting of the otter. However, in southwest Alaska, sea otters have experienced a sharp population decline in the last 20 years. We use cookies on this website to improve functionality, enhance performance, analyze website traffic and to enable social media features. Sea otters came under international protection in 1911 and since then, their numbers have rebounded. FSO supports an ecosystem-based approach to reversing the … Our mission is to create unique and engaging experiences that connect you to the Oregon coast and inspire ocean conservation. Name of plan or outline: Southwest Alaska Distinct Population Segment of the Northern Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) Recovery Plan . Today, Friends of the Sea Otter (FSO) released the report, Roadmap: Recovery of the Southern Sea Otter. Get this from a library! The sea floor in these areas is generally less than 300 feet deep, allowing sea otters to dive down and find food on the bottom. He counsels clients on matters dealing with the Federal and State Endangered Species ... Nossaman’s Endangered Species Law & Policy blog focuses on news, events, and policies affecting endangered species issues in California and throughout the United States. Fish and Wildlife Service. Today, sea otters can only be harvested for subsistence purposes. By the early 20th century, northern sea otters were nearly extirpated from Alaska as a result of overharvest (Muto et al. Summing up, a recovery plan for the Southern Sea Otter is important for public opinion since it is an emblematic and charismatic species, very significant as an economic and touristic source for the area (in part because sea otters can be seen from the shore). The sea otter is one of the smallest marine mammals, but one of the largest members of the family Mustelidae, a group that includes skunks and weasels among others. The plans were designed to protect visitors, employees, firefighters and infrastructure in the event of a wildfire. otter under the Endangered Species Act: 1) increasing the range of sea otters in California to lessen the risk of a single oil spill event reducing the otter population below a viable level, and 2) decreasing the likelihood of a major oil spill event within the sea otter’s range. We also inform readers about regulatory and legislative developments, as well as key court decisions. The FWS estimated southern sea otter abundance in 2016 at 3,272 individuals, a record high since 1972. These comments on the U.S. Our recovery plan describes the status, current management, recovery objectives and criteria, and specific actions needed to enable us to delist the southwest Alaska DPS of the northern sea otter. While they occasionally sleep or give birth on shore, most of their lives are spent in the water. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the availability of our draft recovery plan for the southwest Alaska Distinct Population Segment (DPS) of the northern sea otter (Enydra lutris kenyoni), listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). Southwest Alaska distinct population segment of the northern sea otter Notes Title from title screen (viewed on Aug. 27, 204). Includes bibliographical references. 2019). A recovery team of 15 members was established in 2006 to create and implement the Northern Sea Otter Recovery Plan. Northern sea otters are the smallest marine mammals, growing to about 4 feet in length and averaging up to 65 pounds. The goals of the recovery plan is to protect this species and control and reduce threats to survival. ACTION TIMELINE. The northern sea otter can be found off the coasts of Alaska and Washington state. Sea otters use rocks as hammers to break into the sea urchins and clams they eat. ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE. Recovery Plan Scientists are monitoring and studying the northern sea otter population and its habitat to help the species recover, including ongoing research on the shifts in predation by killer whales, the highest priority threat. In recent years, new threats to the species have emerged, including shark attacks, coastal pollution, disease and climate change. RECOVERY PLAN: Southern sea otter, approved 2003; northern sea otter, none. 2 Category Score Biological Population Size (-10 to 10) The Oregon Coast Aquarium is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization located in Newport, on the beautiful Oregon Coast. THREATS: Bycatch from commercial fisheries, predation by killer whales in unbalanced ecosystems, oil spills, and pollution. RANGE: Off the coasts of California, Washington, Canada, Alaska, Russia, and Japan. Recovery Plan for the Southern Sea Otter. Once containing more than half of the world’s sea otters, this population segment, which ranges from Kodiak Island through the western Aleutian Islands, has undergone an overall population decline of at least 55–67 percent since the mid-1980s. RELATED ISSUES Oceans Golden State Biodiversity Initiative The Endangered Species Act. We, the U.S. NATURAL HISTORY. Sea otters in other parts of Alaska are thriving, giving experts hope that the population around Katmai will reach stable, sustainable levels. Details Purpose: Grants for research, science, protection, or programs related to the Federal Sea Otter Recovery Plan or improving the nearshore ocean ecosystem, including activities to reduce sea otter mortality and for public outreach activities that encourage taxpayers to make contributions by voluntary checkoff on a tax return to the California Sea Otter Fund. The recovery plan specifies that the species should be considered for delisting when the average population level over a three-year period exceeds 3,090 animals. To learn more, please see our Privacy Policy and our Terms & Conditions for additional detail. To achieve this goal, the recovery plan identifies three objectives: 1) achieve and maintain a self-sustaining population of sea otters in each MU; 2) maintain enough sea Sea otters were hunted for their fur in the 18th and 19th century, nearly driving the species to extinction. The sea otter was once abundant in a wide arc across the North Pacific ocean, from northern Japan to Alaska to Mexico. In 2001, the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) designated the Aleutian Islands population of northern sea otter as a candidate species for listing under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Recovery Plan for Tidal Marsh Ecosystems of Northern and Central California. Its cousin, the southern sea otter, is found off the coasts of California. Surveys of sea otters in the 1970s and 1980s indicated a healthy and expanding population in most of Alaska, including Prince William Sound. Sea otter recovery strategies include conducting research and monitoring to determine abundance, distribution and health of the population, protection of sea otters and their habitat, prevention and preparation for oil spills, exchange of information, increased public education and outreach and development of cooperative, proactive management approaches among involved entities to reduce potential future sea otter-fishery … Topics include listing and critical habitat decisions, conservation and recovery planning, inter-agency consultation, and related developments in law, policy, and science. The point of the recovery plan, if completed, is to reclassify the species to a less critical status. Sea otter numbers have declined in southwestern Alaska over the past 20 years. Fish & Wildlife Service (Service) announced (pdf) the availability of its recovery plan (pdf) for the threatened southwest Alaska Distinct Population Segment of the northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni). 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